Help & Advice

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Help and Advice Laying Paving Stone

A guide to laying natural Indian sandstone paving, So you have purchased your natural Indian sandstone, but how are you going to lay it?

Venus Stone have put together a step by step guide to help you with the laying of your natural Indian sandstone, by following the simple guides in the tabs below you can acquire the knowledge of the tools that are required & techniques used to lay your natural Indian sandstone.

The techniques used not only apply to laying natural Indian sandstone but can be used when laying slate paving, Indian paving, Chinese paving, patio kits, circle kits & cobbles.

Builders Trowel Builders Trowel
Shovel Shovel
Rubber Mallet Rubber Mallet
Angle Grinder Angle Grinder
Spirit Level Spirit Level
Wooden Batton Wooden Batton
Paving Stones Paving Stones
Hardcore Hardcore
Sharp Sand Sharp Sand
Cement Cement
Sweeping Brush Sweeping Brush
Watering Can Watering Can
PLANNING - MAKE A DRAWING, PLANNING YOUR GARDEN HOW YOU WILL LAY YOUR NATURAL INDIAN SANDSTONE PAVING
Design Your Garden
  • Draw a plan of how your garden paving will look
PREPERATION - PREPARE THE AREA WHERE YOU ARE LAYING YOUR NATURAL INDIAN SANDSTONE
Mark out paving stone area
  • Using pegs & string mark out the area in your garden where your paving stones will be laid
Dig out the area
  • See Drainage section on setting the fall on your paving
  • Dig out this section
  • Depth around 150mm for a good foundation
  • Your base for the paving will consist of 75mm Hardcore & 75mm Foundation mix (see laying paving for mix guide) plus the thickness of the paving stone
  • Ensure you measure the depth of your paving stone before you dig out the section as you don't want your paving to be lower than ground level
Fill holes with hardcore
  • Fill the section with hardcore around 75mm this will be the base for your paving
  • Use a wacker plate or a wooden batten to firm & compact the base
  • You should now have the foundation to lay your paving
  • See the laying paving section for the next step
DRAINAGE - WHEN LAYING PAVING ENSURE IT HAS SUFFICIENT DRAINAGE, THIS IS WHAT WE CALL "SETTING THE FALL".


Setting The Fall

To ensure rain water drains off your slate paving (Natural Indian Sandstone) & away from your home, your paving must have a built in slope running away from your house, the slope will not be visible to the eye. An ideal gradiant will be around 1 in 60 - a fall of 1mm in every 60mm of distance.


You will need:

  • 1 wooden batten, 2 metres in length.
  • 2 wooden pegs
  • Spirit level

Hammer a wooden peg into the ground near the house where your slate paving (Natural Indian Sandstone) will begin, rest your wooden batten on this peg, at the other end of the batten hammer the second wooden peg into the ground a little further than the first peg. Rest your 2 metre wooden batten on the pegs & using your spririt level you can make the appropriate adjustments setting the fall for your slate paving. The bubble on the spirit level should just touch the outer line in its window setting the fall for your slate paving in an ideal 1mm in 60mm.




LAYING PAVING STONES - A GUIDE TO LAYING PAVING STONES (NATURAL INDIAN SANDSTONE)

Mixing Mortar
  • Mixing the mortar - mix 3/4 parts sharp sand to 1 cement.
  • Lay this over the hardcore.
  • Bed it down using a length of timber.
  • Check that you have allowed enough room for your paving stones.
How To Lay Your Paving Stones
  • Start in one corner laying your paving stone onto the bed of mortar.
  • Place your spirit level on top of the paving stone.
  • Using a rubber mallet gently tap the paving stone into place.
  • Check that the level is right on the spirit level. (Remember to allow for the fall)
  • Repeat process until all tiles have been placed.
FILLING THE JOINTS - A GUIDE TO FILLING THE JOINTS

Filling The Joints
  • Mix 3 parts building sand to 1 part cement, this will give you a dry mix.
  • Pour the mix over your paving stones.
  • Sweep the mix into all of the joints in your paving ensuring they are filled.
Applying Water To The Joints
  • Using a watering can, water the area you have paved (Do not over water as this could flood the joints).
  • Leave to dry, the mix will go off to form a hard seal to the joint.